Saturday, October 08, 2005

On This Day

1554 years ago, at Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins. It would last 25 days until 1st November, 451.

It would later be known as the fourth of the first seven Ecumenical Councils – and therefore recognised as infallible in its dogmatic definitions by both the Catholic and Orthodox Churches.

It repudiated the Eutychian doctrine of monophysitism (holds that the human nature of Christ was essentially obliterated by the Divine), and set forth the Chalcedonian Creed, which describes the full humanity and full divinity of Jesus, the second person of the Holy Trinity:

Therefore, following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach men to acknowledge one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, at once complete in Godhead and complete in manhood, truly God and truly man, consisting also of a reasonable soul and body; of one substance with the Father as regards his Godhead, and at the same time of one substance with us as regards his manhood; like us in all respects, apart from sin; as regards his Godhead, begotten of the Father before the ages, but yet as regards his manhood begotten, for us men and for our salvation, of Mary the Virgin, the God-bearer (Theotokos); one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, Only-begotten, recognized in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation; the distinction of natures being in no way annulled by the union, but rather the characteristics of each nature being preserved and coming together to form one person and subsistence, not as parted or separated into two persons, but one and the same Son and Only-begotten God the Word, Lord Jesus Christ; even as the prophets from earliest times spoke of him, and our Lord Jesus Christ himself taught us, and the creed of the fathers has handed down to us.


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